Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, (Spanish: República Argentina) was a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Its capital and largest city was Buenos Aires. Its people were called Argentinians.
With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina was the eighth-largest country on Terra, the second largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one. Argentina also claimed sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) and the South Sandwich Islands.
The earliest recorded human presence in the area is dated from the Paleolithic period. The Spanish colonization began in 1512 CE. Its declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861. By the early 20th century it already ranked as the seventh wealthiest developed nation in the world. After 1930, however, it descended into political instability and suffered periodic economic crisis that sank it back into underdevelopment.
During Terra's WWIII, Venezuela and Argentina combined forces and dominated South America. Because they were the aggressors, both countries largely escaped damage, however there was a huge loss of life.
Argentina's Pre-Astro economic performance was very uneven, with high economic growth alternating with severe recessions, income maldistribution and poverty. Its major economic sectors were industry, tourism, logistics, communications, technology, and science. Benefiting from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, a diversified industrial base, and an export-oriented agricultural sector, Argentina's economy was Latin America's third-largest.
With little damage, Argentina was the first South American country to physically recover. However, because of the high amount of corruption in the local government, companies and upper classes, Argentina's economy did not fully recover until United Earth became United Stars of the Galaxy.