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Charon

Charon as imaged by NASA, July 15, 2015 CE

Union World - Type Moon - Sol System


Not to be confused with the smaller outer Solar System centaur 2060 Chiron. Not to be confused with Charon (mythology), the being that brings dead souls to the underworld in Greek mythology.

Charon
Discovery date June 22, 1978
Designations
Pronunciation /

ˈʃærən/ or /ˈkɛərən/[note 1]

Named after Charon
Alternative names (134340) Pluto I[1]
Adjective Charonian
Orbital characteristics [2]
Epoch 2 452 600.5
Semi-major axis 17 536 ± 4 km to system barycenter, 19 571 ± 4 km to the center of Pluto
Eccentricity 0.002 2
Orbital period 6.387 230 4 ± 0.000 001 1 d

(6 d 9 h 17 m 36.7 ± 0.1 s)

Inclination 0.001°

(to Pluto's equator) 119.591 ± 0.014° (to Pluto's orbit) 112.783 ± 0.014° (to the ecliptic)

Longitude of ascending node 223.046 ± 0.014°

(to vernal equinox)

Satellite of Pluto
Physical characteristics
Mean radius 603.5 ± 1.5 km[3](0.095 Earths)
Surface area 4.58×106 km2
Volume 9.027×108 km3(0.0008 Earths)[4]
Mass (1.52 ± 0.06)×1021 kg[2](2.54×10−4 Earths)(11.6% of Pluto)
Mean density 1.65 ± 0.06 g/cm3[2]
Equatorial surface gravity 0.278 m/s2
Escape velocity 0.580 km/s

0.36 mi/s

Rotation period synchronous
Axial tilt zero?
Albedo varies between 0.36 and 0.39
Temperature −220°C (53 K)
Apparent magnitude 16.8[5]
Absolute magnitude (H) 1[6]
Angular diameter 55 milli-arcsec[7]

Charon is the largest satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto. It was discovered in 1978 at the United States Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station (NOFS). Following the 2005 discovery of two other natural satellites of Pluto (Nix and Hydra), in 2011, a fourth, S/2011 P 1, and on July 11, 2012, a fifth satellite S/2012 P 1,

Lt Commander Wilkinson was the first man to set foot on Charon in 2101.

Charon received its first Colonists and permanent base in 2119 and played an important role in the Battle of the Sol System during the Fourth Intergalactic War. The Loki Torpedo Batteries there helped in the repelling of the Kermac and Nogoll Forces. It took the Plutonians many centuries to get over the fact that Charon was unable to prevent the Kermac from bombarding Pluto.

Today Charon remains an important part of the Sol System Defense and is the HQ for UMBRELLA.

About 600,000 Citizens call Charon Home and are represented at the Assembly together with the other Pluto Moons by the Pluto Moon Association Representative.

Main Settlement Christy City

Civics: Citizen Council, Umbrella Colonel

(See also Moon Nix, Moon Hydra, Moon Es2011 and S2012)

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