Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, was a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It bordered Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory included the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claimed about 1,250,000 square kilometers of Antarctica, although all claims were suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.
Chile's northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century CE when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
Chile was one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations. It led Latin American nations in rankings of human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption. It also ranked high regionally in sustainability of the state, and democratic development. Chile was a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.
Because Chile was so sparsely populated in most areas, and due to its location, it was largely spared in Terra's WWIII. This let the region be one of the first to recover economically due to its mineral resources.