Latin America (occasionally referred to in writing by the portmanteau "LatAm" or "LATAM") was a group of countries and dependencies in the Americas where Romance languages were predominant. The term originated in 19th century France to consider French-speaking territories in the Americas along the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevail. It is therefore broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America—though it usually excludes French Canada.
Latin America consisted of twenty sovereign states and several territories and dependencies in 2015 which cover an area that stretches from the northern border of Mexico to the southern tip of South America, including the Caribbean. It has an area of approximately 19,197,000 km2 (7,412,000 sq mi), almost 13% of the Earth's land surface area. The population was estimated at more than 626 million in 2015 and in 2014, Latin America had a combined nominal GDP of 5,573,397 million USD and a GDP PPP of 7,531,585 million USD. Between the late 20th and mid 21st century, portions of Latin America were plagued by violent homicides which gave the region as a whole the reputation as one of the most insecure region in the world.
For more information see the wikipedia article on Latin America
Latin America TodayEdit
Much of Latin America suffered the effects of the Terran WWIII, with the four countries most affected (Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Venezuela) only fully recovering after the founding of the United Stars of the Galaxy. Much of the region's remaining natural flora and fauna are preserved in vast natural reserves with the human population reduced to about a tenth it was at it's peak.