220px-Max Planck 1933
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck
ForMemRS[1] (April 23, 1858 – October 4, 1947) was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.[2]

Planck made many contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame rests primarily on his role as originator of the quantum theory. This theory revolutionized human understanding of atomic and subatomic processes, just as Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity revolutionized the understanding of space and time. Together they constitute the fundamental theories of 20th-century physics. Both have led humanity to revise some of its most cherished philosophical beliefs,[citation needed] and have brought about industrial and military applications that affect many aspects of modern life.

Born April 23, 1858

KielDuchy of Holstein

Died October 4, 1947 (aged 89)

GöttingenLower Saxony,Germany

Nationality German
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Kiel

University of Berlin University of Göttingen Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft

Alma mater Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Doctoral advisor Alexander von Brill
Doctoral students Gustav Ludwig Hertz

Erich Kretschmann Walther Meissner Walter Schottky Max von Laue Max Abraham Moritz Schlick Walther Bothe Julius Edgar Lilienfeld

Other notable students Lise Meitner
Known for Planck constant

Planck postulate Planck's law of black body radiation

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1918)

Goethe Prize (1945)

Spouse Marie Merck (1887–1909)

Marga von Hösslin (1911–1947)




He is the father of Erwin Planck who was executed in 1945 by the Gestapo for his part in the July 20 plot.

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