It is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast. Central America consists of seven countries. Central America is bordered by Mexico to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, the North Pacific Ocean to the west, and Colombia to the south-east, which is also the most southern point of North America. Central America is an area of 524,000 square kilometers, or almost 0.1% of the Earth's surface.
Overall temperatures in Central America are the highest just prior to its summer rains, and are lowest in January. Trade winds have a significant effect upon the climate of the region. The highest temperatures occur in April, due to higher levels of solar radiation, lower cloud cover and a decrease in trade wind force. The air surface temperature in Central America has been described as "tropical, predominantly maritime, with small annual changes and dependent on cloud cover and altitude". Temperatures in high altitude places are typically lower compared to that of low altitude areas. Cold air currents from North America can also affect temperatures, making them cooler.
Its main agricultural products were coffee, sugar and bananas, fruits and vegetables, and cardamom. In addition Central America so exported petroleum and clothing. Tourism was the region’s 2nd largest industry.
Modern Central AmericaEdit
This allowed the region to recover fairly well. Today, tourism is the economic powerhouse, with agriculture second.