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A white irish goat

A white Irish goat with horns

Closeup of goat eye

Closeup of a Goat eye

The Terran domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the family Bovidae and is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat. Goats are one of Terra's oldest domesticated species, and have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the planet. Studies of DNA evidence suggests 11,000 BCE as the domestication date.

Female goats are referred to as "does" or "nannies", intact males as "bucks", "billies", or "rams" and their offspring are "kids". Castrated males are "wethers". Goat meat from younger animals is called "kid" or cabrito (Spanish), and from older animals is simply known as "goat" or sometimes called chevon (French), or in some areas "mutton" (which more often refers to adult sheep meat).

Goats are still popular today, especially among systems settled by Western Europeans, Middle Easterners and Africans.

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