Jerusalem,located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Prior to 2089, Israelis and Palestinians both claimed Jerusalem as their capital, with Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.
During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed thrice, besieged 27 times, attacked 60 times, and captured and recaptured 50 times. The oldest part of the city was settled in the 4th millennium BCE. In 1538, walls were built around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent. Today those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. The Old City became a World Heritage site in 1981, and was on the list of World Heritage in Danger. At the time of it's third destruction, modern Jerusalem had grown far beyond the boundaries of the Old City.
When the Pan Sarans revealed their earlier visits to Earth around 50BC, a small part of their records showed what Jerusalem looked like at that time. After much discussion, the Old City was reconstructed according to those records.
- While technically not actually destroyed by the nuke launched against it since the bomb fizzled, it had to be abandoned due to the high levels of radioactivity. While the outskirts of the city could easily be cleaned, in some areas, including the Old City, the radiation was so severe that most structures in that area had to be leveled.
- In 2089, after being nuked, the Old City was placed in the list of World Heritage in Critical Danger
- Prior to the Pan Sarans' revelation, the Old City had been cleaned up by removing radioactive material, but no actual rebuilding had taken place.