## DefinitionEdit

A **mathematician** is a person with an extensive knowledge of mathematics who uses this knowledge in their work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

Mathematics is concerned with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models and change.

## Required EducationEdit

Mathematicians usually cover a breadth of topics within mathematics in their undergraduate education, and then proceed to specialize in topics of their own choice at the graduate-level. In some universities, a qualifying exam serves to test both the breadth and depth of a student's understanding of mathematics; the students, who pass, are permitted to work on a PhD dissertation.

## ActivitiesEdit

**Applied mathematics**Edit

Solving problems with applications in real life

**Abstract mathematics**Edit

Mathematics that studies entirely abstract concepts.

**Mathematics teaching**Edit

Professional mathematicians also engage in the teaching of mathematics.

**Consulting**Edit

Many careers in mathematics outside of universities involve consulting.