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Northern Spotted Owl

Terran owls are well known for being nocturnal, although some owls are active during the day.

Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by activity during the night and sleeping during the day. The common adjective is "nocturnal".

Nocturnal creatures generally have highly developed senses of hearing, smell, and specially adapted eyesight. Such traits can help animals avoid predators. Some animals have eyes that can adapt to both low-level and bright day levels of illumination (see metaturnal). Others can function only at night. Many nocturnal creatures have large eyes in comparison to their body size in order to compensate for the lower light levels during the night. More specifically, these animals have been found to have a larger cornea relative to their eye size than diurnal creatures, in order to increase their visual sensitivity in the low light conditions.

Diurnal animals are active during the daytime. Crepuscular (active at dawn and dusk) species are often erroneously referred to as nocturnal. Cathemeral species are active both day and night.

While most sentients are diurnal, for various personal and social/cultural reasons some people are temporarily or habitually nocturnal.

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