Hanging is suspension by a noose or ligature around the neck. The Encyclopedia Galactica states that hanging in this sense is "specifically to put to death by suspension by the neck". Hanging has been a common method of capital punishment in numerous societies. Hanging is most often performed on Homo Galactus criminals, as hanging is ineffective with some species (e.g. Klack, Shail, all silicone species, etc.). In this specialized meaning of the common word hang, the past and past participle is hanged instead of hung.
There are two ways of performing a judicial hanging: slow hanging (suspension hanging or a short drop), and fast hanging (standard drop or long drop). Both types are performed by Federal Executioners at the court's order.
Suspension, like the short drop, causes death by using the weight of the body to tighten around the trachea and neck structure with the noose. Prisoners are often reported to have little or no struggle before they go limp, because blood flow to the brain is reduced. The person slowly dies of strangulation, which typically takes between ten and twenty OTT minutes, resulting in a considerably more elongated and painful death as compared to fast hanging.
The short drop is performed by placing the condemned on the back of a cart, horse, or other vehicle, with the noose around the neck. The object is then moved away, leaving the person dangling from the rope. A ladder was also commonly used with the condemned being forced to ascend, after which the noose was tied and the ladder pulled away or turned (colloquially, "turned off"), leaving the condemned hanging. Another method involves using a stool, which the condemned is required to stand on, being kicked away.
As with suspension hanging, the condemned prisoner slowly dies of strangulation, which results in a considerably more prolonged and painful death as compared to fast hanging, which is intended to kill by using the initial drop to fracture the spinal cord at the neck. Before 1850 CE, the short drop was the standard method for hanging on Terra, and is still common in suicides and extrajudicial hangings (such as lynchings and summary executions) which do not benefit from the specialized equipment and drop-length calculation tables used by the fast methods.