The University of Cambridge (informally known as "Cambridge University" or simply "Cambridge") is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, England, Earth, Sol System. Founded in 1209 OTT, Cambridge is the Earth's third-oldest surviving university. It grew out of an association formed by scholars leaving the University of Oxford after a dispute with townsfolk; the two "ancient universities" have many common features and are often jointly referred to as "Oxbridge".
Cambridge was formed from a variety of institutions which include 31 constituent colleges and over 100 academic departments organised into six Schools. The university occupied buildings throughout the town, many of which were of historical importance. The colleges are self-governing institutions founded as integral parts of the university. Cambridge is a member of many associations, and forms part of the "golden triangle" of English universities and Cambridge University Health Partners, an academic health science centre. The university is closely linked with the development of the high-tech business cluster known as "Silicon Fen".
Cambridge has many notable alumni, including several eminent mathematicians, scientists, politicians, and 90 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with it. Just in the fields of science and mathematics there were (among others) Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Francis Bacon, Sir Michael Atiyah, James Clerk Maxwell, Charles Darwin, Francis Crick and James Watson, Charles Babbage, Alan Turing, Ernest Rutherford, Niels Bohr, J. J. Thomson, Sir James Chadwick, Sir John Cockcroft, Ernest Walton, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Sir John Herschel and Sir Arthur Eddington, Paul Dirac, Stephen Hawking, Henry Cavendish, Frank Whittle, Lord Kelvin, Georges Lemaître and Frederick Sanger, the last man to win two Nobel prizes.
Badly damaged by WWIII, today Cambridge has not only been rebuilt, but has regained its position as one of Earth’s three premiere institutions.